- Guide to PHARMACOLOGY
Synonyms: Clorazil® | HF-1854
clozapine is an approved drug (FDA (1989))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Note that PubChem CID 2818 has different double bond structure on the central heptane ring which results in a different InChIKey. Our structure is an exact match for the chemical structure in the INN record for this compound.
The major active metabolite of clozapine is N-desmethylclozapine.
Ligand Activity Visualisation Charts
These are box plot that provide a unique visualisation, summarising all the activity data for a ligand taken from ChEMBL and GtoPdb across multiple targets and species. Click on a plot to see the median, interquartile range, low and high data points. A value of zero indicates that no data are available. A separate chart is created for each target, and where possible the algorithm tries to merge ChEMBL and GtoPdb targets by matching them on name and UniProt accession, for each available species. However, please note that inconsistency in naming of targets may lead to data for the same target being reported across multiple charts.✖
View more information in the IUPHAR Pharmacology Education Project: clozapine
|No information available.|
|Summary of Clinical Use|
|Antipsychotic agent used in the treatment of treatment resistant schizophrenia. This drug may also be used to reduce suicide risk in psychotic patients (US) and for the treatment of psychosis in Parkinson's disease (Europe)|
|Mechanism Of Action and Pharmacodynamic Effects|
|Clozapine is a selective monoaminergic antagonist, whose actions arise predominantly through high affinity interactions with serotonin 5HT2 receptors, dopamine D2 receptors, α1- and α2-adrenoceptors, and histamine H1 receptors. Antagonistic effects at D2 receptors in the mesolimbic pathway and 5-HT2A receptors in the frontal cortex likely contribute to the antipsychotic action of clozapine in schizophrenia patients.|