quinine   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 2510

Synonyms: GNF-Pf-506 | Qualaquin® | Quinate® | quinine bisulphate | quinine sulfate
Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand
quinine is an approved drug (FDA (2005, as quinine sulfate, previous history unspecified))
Comment: First extracted from the bark of the cinchona tree and used as an antimalarial medicine, quinine has also been synthesized in the laboratory [1].

The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 3
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 4
Topological polar surface area 45.59
Molecular weight 324.18
XLogP 2.6
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
SMILES / InChI / InChIKey
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Canonical SMILES C=CC1CN2CCC1CC2C(c1ccnc2c1cc(OC)cc2)O
Isomeric SMILES C=C[C@H]1CN2CC[C@H]1C[C@H]2[C@@H](c1ccnc2c1cc(OC)cc2)O
InChI InChI=1S/C20H24N2O2/c1-3-13-12-22-9-7-14(13)10-19(22)20(23)16-6-8-21-18-5-4-15(24-2)11-17(16)18/h3-6,8,11,13-14,19-20,23H,1,7,9-10,12H2,2H3/t13-,14-,19-,20+/m0/s1
InChI Key LOUPRKONTZGTKE-WZBLMQSHSA-N
References
1. Achan J, Talisuna AO, Erhart A, Yeka A, Tibenderana JK, Baliraine FN, Rosenthal PJ, D'Alessandro U. (2011)
Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world: role in the treatment of malaria.
Malar J, 10: 144. [PMID:21609473]
2. Dziekan JM, Yu H, Chen D, Dai L, Wirjanata G, Larsson A, Prabhu N, Sobota RM, Bozdech Z, Nordlund P. (2019)
Identifying purine nucleoside phosphorylase as the target of quinine using cellular thermal shift assay.
Sci Transl Med, 11 (473). [PMID:30602534]
3. Engel K, Wang J. (2005)
Interaction of organic cations with a newly identified plasma membrane monoamine transporter.
Mol Pharmacol, 68 (5): 1397-407. [PMID:16099839]
4. Schmalz F, Kinsella J, Koh SD, Vogalis F, Schneider A, Flynn ER, Kenyon JL, Horowitz B. (1998)
Molecular identification of a component of delayed rectifier current in gastrointestinal smooth muscles.
Am J Physiol, 274 (5 Pt 1): G901-11. [PMID:9612272]
5. Wang J. (2016)
The plasma membrane monoamine transporter (PMAT): Structure, function, and role in organic cation disposition.
Clin Pharmacol Ther, 100 (5): 489-499. [PMID:27506881]