palmitic acid   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 1055

Synonyms: C16:0 | cetylic acid | palmitate
PDB Ligand
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 2
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 14
Topological polar surface area 37.3
Molecular weight 256.24
XLogP 7.57
No. Lipinski's rules broken 2
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InChI InChI=1S/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)
1. Briscoe CP, Tadayyon M, Andrews JL, Benson WG, Chambers JK, Eilert MM, Ellis C, Elshourbagy NA, Goetz AS, Minnick DT et al.. (2003)
The orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR40 is activated by medium and long chain fatty acids.
J Biol Chem, 278 (13): 11303-11. [PMID:12496284]
2. Gimeno RE, Ortegon AM, Patel S, Punreddy S, Ge P, Sun Y, Lodish HF, Stahl A. (2003)
Characterization of a heart-specific fatty acid transport protein.
J Biol Chem, 278 (18): 16039-44. [PMID:12556534]
3. Itoh Y, Kawamata Y, Harada M, Kobayashi M, Fujii R, Fukusumi S, Ogi K, Hosoya M, Tanaka Y, Uejima H et al.. (2003)
Free fatty acids regulate insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells through GPR40.
Nature, 422 (6928): 173-6. [PMID:12629551]
4. Kotarsky K, Nilsson NE, Flodgren E, Owman C, Olde B. (2003)
A human cell surface receptor activated by free fatty acids and thiazolidinedione drugs.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 301 (2): 406-10. [PMID:12565875]
5. Richieri GV, Ogata RT, Kleinfeld AM. (1994)
Equilibrium constants for the binding of fatty acids with fatty acid-binding proteins from adipocyte, intestine, heart, and liver measured with the fluorescent probe ADIFAB.
J Biol Chem, 269 (39): 23918-30. [PMID:7929039]
6. Richieri GV, Ogata RT, Zimmerman AW, Veerkamp JH, Kleinfeld AM. (2000)
Fatty acid binding proteins from different tissues show distinct patterns of fatty acid interactions.
Biochemistry, 39 (24): 7197-204. [PMID:10852718]
7. Schaffer JE, Lodish HF. (1994)
Expression cloning and characterization of a novel adipocyte long chain fatty acid transport protein.
Cell, 79 (3): 427-36. [PMID:7954810]
8. Stahl A, Hirsch DJ, Gimeno RE, Punreddy S, Ge P, Watson N, Patel S, Kotler M, Raimondi A, Tartaglia LA et al.. (1999)
Identification of the major intestinal fatty acid transport protein.
Mol Cell, 4 (3): 299-308. [PMID:10518211]