artesunate   Click here for help

GtoPdb Ligand ID: 9956

Approved drug PDB Ligand Antimalarial Ligand
artesunate is an approved drug (FDA (2020), EMA (2021))
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Artesunate is a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin, a natural product isolated from the qinghao or sweet wormwood plant (Artemisia annua). It contains an unusual endoperoxide bridge, believed to be responsible for the antimalarial activity of artemisinin and its derivatives.
Artesunate is a prodrug that is converted to the active metabolite artenimol (dihydroartemisinin).

The Malaria tab on this ligand page provides additional curator comments of relevance to the Guide to MALARIA PHARMACOLOGY.
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2D Structure
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Physico-chemical Properties
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Hydrogen bond acceptors 8
Hydrogen bond donors 1
Rotatable bonds 5
Topological polar surface area 100.52
Molecular weight 384.18
XLogP 2.92
No. Lipinski's rules broken 0
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Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)CCC(=O)O[C@@H]1O[C@@H]2O[C@@]3(C)CC[C@@H]4[C@]2([C@H]([C@H]1C)CC[C@H]4C)OO3
InChI InChI=1S/C19H28O8/c1-10-4-5-13-11(2)16(23-15(22)7-6-14(20)21)24-17-19(13)12(10)8-9-18(3,25-17)26-27-19/h10-13,16-17H,4-9H2,1-3H3,(H,20,21)/t10-,11-,12+,13+,16-,17-,18-,19-/m1/s1
Classification Click here for help
Compound class Synthetic organic
Ligand families/groups Antimalarial ligands
Approved drug? Yes (FDA (2020), EMA (2021))
WHO Essential Medicine WHO Essential Medicines List (EML) (23rd List, 2023). Access PDF version.
Click to view more information about the WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicines.
IUPAC Name Click here for help
4-oxo-4-[[(1R,4S,5R,8S,9R,10S,12R,13R)-1,5,9-trimethyl-11,14,15,16-tetraoxatetracyclo[,13.08,13]hexadecan-10-yl]oxy]butanoic acid
International Nonproprietary Names Click here for help
INN number INN
6459 artesunate
Database Links Click here for help
CAS Registry No. 88495-63-0 (source: Scifinder)
ChEMBL Ligand CHEMBL361497
DrugCentral Ligand 247
GtoPdb PubChem SID 374883843
PubChem CID 6917864
RCSB PDB Ligand D95
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Artesunate (links to external site)
Cat. No. 6827