Top ▲

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor C

Unless otherwise stated all data on this page refer to the human proteins. Gene information is provided for human (Hs), mouse (Mm) and rat (Rn).


« Hide More detailed introduction

The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER, nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor [12]) was identified following observations of estrogen-evoked cyclic AMP signalling in breast cancer cells [1], which mirrored the differential expression of an orphan 7-transmembrane receptor GPR30 [3]. There are observations of both cell-surface and intracellular expression of the GPER receptor [14-15]. Selective agonist/ antagonists for GPER have been characterized [12]. Antagonists of the nuclear estrogen receptor, such as fulvestrant [7], tamoxifen [14-15] and raloxifene [11], as well as the flavonoid 'phytoestrogens' genistein and quercetin [9], are agonists of GPER. A complete review of GPER pharmacology has been recently published [12]. The roles of GPER in physiological systems throughout the body (cardiovascular, metabolic, endocrine, immune, reproductive) and in cancer have also been reviewed [6,8,10,12-13].


GPER C Show summary » More detailed page


Show »

Further reading

Show »


Show »

NC-IUPHAR subcommittee and family contributors

Show »

How to cite this family page

Database page citation (select format):

Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY citation:

Alexander SPH, Christopoulos A, Davenport AP, Kelly E, Mathie A, Peters JA, Veale EL, Armstrong JF, Faccenda E, Harding SD, Pawson AJ, Sharman JL, Southan C, Davies JA; CGTP Collaborators. (2019) The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2019/20: G protein-coupled receptors. Br J Pharmacol. 176 Issue S1: S21-S141.