- Guide to PHARMACOLOGY
astemizole is an approved drug
Compound class: Synthetic organic
Comment: Astemizole was originally identified as a histamine H1 receptor antagonist. Astemizole use as an antihistamine was withdrawn from the US market in 1999 as it caused arrhythmias, probably due to blocking the hERG potassium channel (Kv11.1) .
A 2014 publication showed that astemizole's anti-proliferative effects in cancer cells is due to disruption of a protein-protein interaction required for the formation of the active polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) . PRC2 contains the histone methyltransferase EZH2, which is responsible for catalytic trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me3), an epigenetic modification that is a hallmark of silent chromatin. Aberrant PRC2 activity is associated with cancer initiation and progression. Astemizole was shown to inhibit the interaction between EZH2 and a PRC2 structural protein called embryonic ectoderm development (EED) , and that this action destabilizes PRC2 and reduces its methylation activity.
Ligand Activity Visualisation Charts
These are box plot that provide a unique visualisation, summarising all the activity data for a ligand taken from ChEMBL and GtoPdb across multiple targets and species. Click on a plot to see the median, interquartile range, low and high data points. A value of zero indicates that no data are available. A separate chart is created for each target, and where possible the algorithm tries to merge ChEMBL and GtoPdb targets by matching them on name and UniProt accession, for each available species. However, please note that inconsistency in naming of targets may lead to data for the same target being reported across multiple charts.✖
|Compound class||Synthetic organic|
|International Nonproprietary Names|
|CAS Registry No.||68844-77-9|
|GtoPdb PubChem SID||135649968|
|RCSB PDB Ligand||XB7|
|Search Google for chemical match using the InChIKey||GXDALQBWZGODGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N|
|Search Google for chemicals with the same backbone||GXDALQBWZGODGZ|
|Search PubMed clinical trials||astemizole|
|Search PubMed titles||astemizole|
|Search PubMed titles/abstracts||astemizole|
|UniChem Compound Search for chemical match using the InChIKey||GXDALQBWZGODGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N|
|UniChem Connectivity Search for chemical match using the InChIKey||GXDALQBWZGODGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N|
Product supplier links are provided as a service to assist in identifying commercial suppliers of reagents that are mentioned on the IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY database website, and do not imply their endorsement by NC-IUPHAR.
Links are provided in return for sponsorship, used to fund improvements to this database. The sponsorship account is managed and audited by the University of Edinburgh, a charitable body registered in Scotland, SC005336. If you are interested in sponsoring the database, please contact us.✖
Cat. No. 3489